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Yak Caravan Trek in Dolpo – 24 days

Overview The Yak Caravan Trek in Dolpo is a remarkable 24-day journey that takes you deep into the remote and rugged landscapes of Dolpo, Nepal. This unique trek also allows you to witness the traditional way of life of the local people as you traverse ancient trading routes alongside a caravan of yaks, which have been the lifeline of transportation in this region for centuries. The trek begins with a scenic flight from Kathmandu to Jhupal, where the adventure truly begins. From Jhupal, you'll embark on a breathtaking trail that winds through picturesque valleys, ancient villages, and pristine forests. One…


The Yak Caravan Trek in Dolpo is a remarkable 24-day journey that takes you deep into the remote and rugged landscapes of Dolpo, Nepal. This unique trek also allows you to witness the traditional way of life of the local people as you traverse ancient trading routes alongside a caravan of yaks, which have been the lifeline of transportation in this region for centuries.

The trek begins with a scenic flight from Kathmandu to Jhupal, where the adventure truly begins. From Jhupal, you’ll embark on a breathtaking trail that winds through picturesque valleys, ancient villages, and pristine forests. One of the highlights of this trek is the presence of yaks, which has also used as pack animals by the locals. You’ll also have the rare opportunity to witness a traditional yak caravan, where these strong and resilient creatures transport goods and supplies through the rugged terrain.

As you trek deeper into Dolpo, you’ll also get reward of stunning vistas of snow-capped peaks, including the mighty Dhaulagiri and Kanjiroba. The landscape here is awe-inspiring, with cascading waterfalls, deep gorges, and turquoise blue lakes that reflect the surrounding mountains. Along the way, you’ll also encounter ancient monasteries, such as the Shey Gompa, which is a spiritual sanctuary nestled in a secluded valley.

The Dolpo region also known for its rich cultural heritage, and you’ll have the chance to interact with the friendly and warm-hearted Dolpo people. Their unique customs and traditions have preserved for centuries, and you’ll also witness their daily life as they tend to their fields, spin wool, and practice their ancient Bon Buddhist rituals.

Conclusion and Summary

The Yak Caravan Trek in Dolpo is a challenging adventure that requires a good level of fitness and stamina. The rugged terrain and high altitude can be demanding, but the rewards are immeasurable. This trek allows you to immerse yourself in the untamed beauty of the Himalayas, connect with the local culture, and create memories that will last a lifetime.

Trip Highlights

  • Yak Caravan Experience: The highlight of the Yak Caravan Trek is the unique opportunity to travel alongside a caravan of yaks, which have been the traditional mode of transportation in Dolpo for centuries. This gives you an authentic insight into the local way of life and the historic trading routes of the region.
  • Remote and Rugged Landscapes: The trek takes you through remote and rugged landscapes, offering breathtaking views of snow-capped peaks, deep valleys, cascading waterfalls, and pristine rivers. The untouched beauty of the Himalayas creates a sense of awe and adventure.
  • Cultural Immersion: Interacting with local yak herders and communities allows for a deep cultural immersion experience. You’ll have the chance to witness the daily lives, traditions, and customs of the local people, gaining a profound understanding of their way of life.
  • Ancient Monasteries: The trek takes you to ancient Buddhist monasteries, providing an opportunity to witness spiritual practices and immerse yourself in the rich Buddhist heritage of the region. The vibrant prayer flags and prayer wheels add a touch of spirituality to the journey.
  • Traditional Settlements: Trekking through traditional settlements, you’ll experience the charm and authenticity of remote villages. The traditional architecture, warm hospitality, and glimpses of traditional occupations create a memorable cultural experience.
  • Scenic Beauty: The Yak Caravan Trek offers stunning natural beauty at every turn. The panoramic views of the Himalayan peaks, serene valleys, and pristine rivers create postcard-worthy landscapes that will leave you in awe.
  • Delicious Local Cuisine: During the trek, you’ll have the opportunity to savor delicious local cuisine, which often includes hearty and nourishing meals prepared with local ingredients. It’s a chance to indulge in the flavors of the region and experience the culinary traditions.
  • Camping under Starry Skies: Spending nights in remote camping locations allows you to enjoy the tranquility of the wilderness. Camping under the starry night sky in the midst of the mountains adds a touch of magic to the trek.
  • Physical Challenge: The Yak Caravan Trek is a physically demanding adventure that requires good fitness and acclimatization to the high altitudes. The challenging terrain and long trekking days provide a sense of accomplishment and test your endurance.
  • Off-the-Beaten-Path Experience: The Yak Caravan Trek takes you to remote and less-frequented regions of Dolpo, providing an off-the-beaten-path experience. Away from the crowds, you can enjoy the serenity of nature and immerse yourself in the untamed beauty of the Himalayan wilderness.

Itinerary Expand All

In the morning you can stroll in the streets of Thamel while we arrange all your trekking documents (TIMS & National Park Permit).

Then you collect all the necessary documents from our representative and drive to the domestic section of Kathmandu airport.

From Kathmandu we fly on any domestic carrier to Nepalgunj. Nepalgunj , a town in the western Terai , is very close to the Indian border and the Bardia Nationl Park. It is a major transport hub for western, mid-western and far-western regions of Nepal. Overnight at hotel or lodge.

Today we take a 35 minutes long flight to Juphal- the starting point for adventurous Dolpo Yak Caravan Trek. As we begin the trek, the trail ascends southeast high above Thulo Bheri Valley followed by an hour long walk through maize fields to to reach the village of Kalagaunda. We trek by the southern bank of Bheri River and pass Roop Ghar with the water mill and finally reach the village of Dunai(2145m).Dunai is quite a big mountainous town with schools, health post, government offices, police station and tourist class lodges. We will stay overnight in one of the lodges in Dunai. Probably at Pala Guest House.

Today we begin the trek descending down through the streets of Dunai Town to cross the bridge over Bheri River. Then we chase the northern bank of the river for an hour to reach Sulighat.

Then we head north to reach Shey Phoksundo National Park Check Post. Beyond the checkpost, we gradually climb up along the rock strewn trail that lies above the serpentine Suli Ghad Khola. As the trail stretches higher through the series of hemp tree we arrive to Kageni.

Further trekking through beautiful tropical forest dominated by walnut and maple trees, we begin to see the first glimpses of Tibetan culture. Savoring the views of fluttering prayer flags, floral and faunal biodiversity, cascading waterfalls and lush vegetation we arrive to the village of Shyanta 2520m.

Almost ninety minutes of uphill trek from Shyanta along the narrow trail brings us to Chhepka 2670m. Overnight in a lodge at Chhepka.

Today we follow a trail that at frequent intervals goes up and down along the riverbed through the woods.

Several streams on the way keep you cool. The trail continues along the valley floor to the confluence of the Phoksundo and Pungmo kholas (rivers). We cross to the western side of the Phoksundo khola and reach the village of Shumdhuwa. Shumduwa is a major trail junction and its name reflects this as ‘sum’ in Tibetan means three and ‘duwa’ means trail.

It is also the Shey Phoksundo National Park’s headquarters. Leaving behind this place we proceed to Chunuwar. The route climbs steadily through open country to an elevation of 3370m.

We get a close view of a spectacular 167m metre –high waterfall, the highest in Nepal and a faraway view of Phoksundo lake. We stop for the night at Jharana (waterfall) Hotel.

We will join the direct trail to Phoksundo Lake today climbing the hill slope to a ridge at 3780 meter. Today as we make our way to Ringmo, we make a steep descend through birch forests till the trail reaches of the riverbed of Phoksundo khola.

We cross a bridge and follow a trail north to the ranger station at Phoksundo Lake. We continue to the point where the Phoksundo khola(river) flows out of the lake. The final push through the Phoksundo River gully, we emerge to the yak filled meadows of Ringmo, a popular Bon Village in the region.

Ringmo has few lodges/homestays. Ringmo is a picturesque settlement of flat-roofed stone houses with lots of mani walls. Just below Ringmo we cross a bridge and follow the trail to Phoksundo Lake, where we camp at the national park camping grounds on the west portion of the lake.

Today we explore the area around the Ringmo magnificent Phoksundo Lake. First, we explore around Ringmo Village and head to Tshowa (the lake-shore Bon Monastery).

The Gompa nestling a ridge top above Phoksundo Lake was built about 900 years ago.Exploring this culturally rich Bon Monastery is fascinating experience. Ringmo village, a typical Tibetan village, is scenic view from Phoksundo Lake. Many beautiful glaciers can be found near and above the lake area.

There are many monasteries (Gompas )and Bon-po religious sites at the park and we spend our time visiting some of these. We also explore the wonderful natural sites and enjoy our nature tour.

Then we drop down to Phoksundo Lake along steep-sided cliffs. The lake is famous for its magnificent turquoise color and spectacular scenery. Phoksundo is the deepest of Nepal and it is famous for its clean and clear water with brilliant changing colour.

Today’s trek is probably one of the best trekking days of Dolpo Yak Caravan Trek. It climbs along the narrow trail cut on a cliff standing vertically straight above Phoksundo Lake. This treacherously fascinating trail brings us to another side of Phoksundo Lake.

This particular part of the trek is like fantasy walk portrayed by a writer in their fiction novels. To get to the Phoksundo Khola camp on other side of the lake, we slide down for ninety minutes along the beautiful forests.

Beyond the Camp, we trek along Phoksundo Khola, the river that feeds water to the lake all the way to Sallagahri. The majority of the trek goes through the sandy shores of Phoksundo Khola whereas; the final part of today’s trek slides up to the beautiful campsite at Sallaghari. Enjoy the nights in the camps amongst beautiful pine forest.

Today’s trek is relatively short; we trek for almost three hours to reach Kangla Base Camp 4100m. As the trek begins we ascend up the narrow defile of Tuk Kyaksa River.

The trail switches to opposite side of the river several times. Soon we arrive to a place where the rapids of the river are calmer. We cross the bridge over the river at that point.

Thirty minutes of walk after the bridge, we come across the wide valley followed by two hours of walk along the canyon brings us the potential campsite. A walk for a while further reaches to the massive rock slab, which is Kang La Base Camp- our campsite for the night.

Today we trek to the fabled Shey Gompa and the nearby ‘Crystal Mountain’, the most sacred peak in Dolpo which Dolpo pilgrims circumambulate each summer before the harvest.

We are now entering the real Dolpo, and to enter into this mystical land we have to cross the Kangla pass . The trek to the top of Kang La Pass is along the graveled trail uphill for three continuous hours. However, all the efforts put to come up to the top of pass rewards us with wonderful views.

The eye feasting views from the Kang La Pass includes Cyrstal Mountain, the mountains in Tibetan territory and the mesmerizing landscapes of Dolpo. We also have views of the peaks Shey Shikkar and Kang Chunne, both just over 6000 meters, before descending steeply down to the valley floor and along the river. A red chorten marks the entrance to Shey, where we camp for the night.

Shey Gompa the holy pilgrimage, where the people pay their homage and circumnavigate the holy mountain known as Crystal Mountain. In the interval of every twelve years a holy festival is celebrated here to honor the Dragon year.

Though relatively a simple manifestation of architectural skills, Shey Gompa and its vicinity is famous for their mystical attributes that entices the visitors. A day rest to explore around Shey Gompa is worthwhile to know the authentic culture of this highland settlement and its surroundings.

Today we will explore Shey Gompa.. It is said to be about 800 years old monastery, with murals inside and an ancient scroll describing the mythology behind the Crystal Mountain. The monastery is locally known as Shelri Sumdho Gompa.

Shey Festival, the summer festival observed by the people of Dolpo with huge enthusiasm is hosted at Shey Gompa. Peter Mattheissen wrote quite a lot about his stay in Shey in ‘The Snow Leopard’, and it was shown in Eric Valli’s movie ‘Caravan’ as Thinley’s son’s gompa.

After the breakfast in the camp at Shey Gompa, as the trek begins, it follows the trail beside Sephu Khola for almost couple of hours. The landscapes during this part of the trek are typical Dolpo landscapes- barren and enchanting.

Then we begin to climb up towards the top of Shey La Pass, which is almost two hours of hike. The acme of Shey La Pass west of Shey, rewards us with the magnificent views of Mustang to the East, Tibet to the North and Kanjiroba, Kagmara and Riu Dhukta, or the Crystal Mountain, to the West.

The final push downhill from the pass, which is almost 2 hours of hike brings us to Namgung. We spend our night at Namgung, a local nomadic herding settlement. During today’s we will have relatively more opportunities to see the picturesque view of yak caravans.

One more short trekking day on Dolpo Yak caravan Trek. However, the short trekking day is worthwhile as it caters the view of yak caravans because Saldang is a big village where traders throng to trade with the caravans of yaks.

Before to begin the day’s trek, we take a short exploration of Namgung Gompa. Set beside the cliff, though the monastery resembles like every other gompa in Dolpo, it has few special attributes. For example the monastery hosts terracotta images of Sakyamuni Buddha, Guru Rinpoche and Dorje Chang.

As we kick off the trek, we slide down to Nagma Khola and cross it over to the northern side and chase the upstream trail to the west. Hiking across the spur and the short hike downhill brings us to Saldang, which sits in the Nangkhong Valley. Overnight in a camp at Saldang.

Saldang village comprise several villages where you can study the culture and traditions of the upper region of Dolpo closely during the morning. After the lunch , we trek towards Yanger Gompa, which lies on the old trade route to Tibet.

Initially the trail steeply descends down to Nagon Khola river bed. Heading north of Nagon Khola along the along the steep sided gorge in three hours from Saldang we arrive to the confluence of Nagon Khola Panzang and Tara Khola.

Chasing the trail on the lower riverbank which offers a steep vertical climb but soon emerges to the wonderful sight. We finally reach Yangjer Gompa after 4 hours of memorable trek from Saldang. We set up ours camps at Saldang for the night.

From Saldang you will head towards the borderline of Nepal and China. This part of the trek is probably Nepal’s least frequented trekking trail, which caters the most beautiful view of yak caravan of the highlands.

Trekking along the trail of Saldang Lek, Dolpo Yak Caravan Trek with “Explore Dolpo” arrives to Sumdowa, the last trading town at Nepal-Tibet border. Overnight in Sumdowa.

This is the point where barter system of trading still exists. The culture available to see here is truly Tibetan and authentically traditional. Let us observe the activities for the whole day, which is worthwhile.

Traders are involved in bartering and once the business is done exiting out of the small highland town with the yak caravans towards their destinations is probably the scenic view and the greatest opportunities to capture Yak caravans.

After the wonderful Yak Caravan Trek in Dolpo, the trek today enters the latter half. We begin to trek along the retracing trail towards Dunai. The first day of trek on the retracing trail extends till Saldang.

Continue the trek along the retracing trail. The best thing about the trek on the retracing trail is that if you had missed something really important during the trek towards the destination few days ago, you don’t have to worry at all.

Ask your guide and take your time to understand the culture of Dolpo and never forget to sight the views of Yak Caravans, which are always beautiful doesn’t matter how many times you have seen it. At the end of the day’s trek you would arrive to Namgung Gompa.

Today the Dolpo Yak Caravan Trek retraces along the trail to Shey Gompa. Revisit the Gompa for detailed information on it or explore the authentic settlement of Dolpo to understand the culture of Dolpa-pa in a better way


Retracing the trek, endure the challenge of crossing Shey La Pass and savor the beauty of Himalayas from such high elevation. At the end of the day’s trek we trek down to Kang La Base Camp via Shey La Pass 5100m.

The walk today will be pleasant in the wood with trickling streams and cool environment. At the end of the day on the retracing trail we trek down to Sallaghari via Kang La Pass.

The walk today will be up and down. At the end of the day on the retracing trail we trek down to lake Phoksundo.

Today, we shall descend down to Chhepka, which is relatively an easier trek compared to the trek from Chhepka to Phoksundo during the beginning of Dolpo Yak Caravan Trek. Savor the beauty of western mid-hills of Nepal and take your time while trekking down.

Today is the last day of Dolpo Yak Caravan Trek, which ends at Juphal. After 5-6 hrs of day’s trek we would let go all the trek exhaustion at Juphal and wait for tomorrow to board theflight back to urban Nepal. Overnight in a lodge at Juphal.

In the morning after the breakfast, we walk to the airport in Juphal and board the plane to Nepalgunj. After thrity five minutes of flight we arrive to Nepagunj. From Nepalgunj we board the flight to Kathmandu and in an hour or so we land at Kathmandu Airport. End of the trip.

What's Included

  • Airport Pick-up and Drop Off,
  • Licensed and trained trekking guides,
  • potters for carrying goods and supplies,
  • Meal on full board (breakfast, lunch, dinner) basis during the trek
  • 3 Nights Accommodation in the 3 Star Hotel in Kathmandu with B & B. (Bed & Breakfast) on Twin Sharing Basis.
  • All accommodation on Tent during the trek on sharing Basis.
  • All meals and hot beverages during the trek.
  • Transportation to and from trail head by Private and Sharing Transport
  • All necessary documents and permits for trekking (where applicable)
  • National Park/Conservation Area entry Permit, Insurance, and
    equipment for the staffs.
  • Coordination of quick Rescue service (Costs covered by your Insurance Plan)
  • Trekking staffs wages etc.
  • Welcome dinner in a Nepali Cultural Dance restaurant in Kathmandu.
  • Trekking Map, T-shirt, and Trekking certificate.
  • Exclusive of Medical Kit Bag
  • All Government and local Taxes
  • International Flight ticket re-confirmation.
  • Meals will be Start when your Trek starts.
  • Domestic Flights
  • Domestic Flights for Trekking Guide.
  • Trekking Staff Insurance of $10,000 Per Person.

What's Excluded

  • International Airfares,
  • Travel/Trekking Insurance,
  • Excess baggage charges More than 16kg and hand bag more than 5 kg in domestic flights.
  • Visa fees.
  • Airport Departure Taxes.
  • Drinks (Cold and Alcoholic) Rescue charge.
  • Tips for The staffs.
  • Expenses of Personnel nature and Permit and Liaison officer fee (where Applicable.
  • Meals during stay in the Kathmandu
  • Extra Domestic Ticket  of Jomsom, Pokhara etc.
  • Extra Hotel in Kathmandu and Pokhara

Trip Information

As you hike through the rugged landscapes of Dolpo, you’ll be surrounded by majestic snow-capped peaks, cascading waterfalls, and pristine rivers. The panoramic views and untouched beauty of the Himalayas create a sense of awe and wonder throughout the journey.

One of the highlights of the Yak Caravan Trek is the close interaction with the local people and their yaks. Accompanied by local guides and yak herders, you’ll experience the unique cultural traditions and witness the hard work involved in maintaining and guiding the caravan of yaks. This provides a rare opportunity to learn about the intricacies of yak herding and gain insights into the daily lives of the local communities.

The trek also takes you to ancient monasteries and traditional settlements, where you can immerse yourself in the rich Buddhist heritage and observe the spiritual practices of the local people. The region’s distinct Tibetan Buddhist influence is evident in the vibrant prayer flags, prayer wheels, and prayer stones that line the trails.

Throughout the trek, you’ll have the chance to savor the delicious local cuisine, experience the warm hospitality of the people, and camp in picturesque locations under the starry night sky. The simplicity and serenity of the surroundings offer a refreshing escape from the modern world.

The Yak Caravan Trek is a physically demanding adventure that requires good fitness and acclimatization to the high altitudes. The accommodations along the route range from tea houses to camping in remote areas, providing a mix of cultural encounters and wilderness experiences.

This trek offers a truly authentic and off-the-beaten-path experience, allowing you to step back in time and witness the age-old trading traditions of Dolpo. The Yak Caravan Trek in Dolpo is an extraordinary journey that combines natural beauty, cultural immersion, and the unique experience of traveling alongside these gentle beasts of burden. It is a trek that will leave you with cherished memories and a deep appreciation for the rugged beauty and resilience of the Dolpo region.

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Trip Facts

Duration 24 Day(s)
Activities Trekking
Group Size 2 to 20
Best Season March to May, September to November
Start/End Point Kathmandu / Kathmandu
Difficulty Level Challenging
Max Altitude 5416M

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