Nepal is a landlocked country located in South Asia, bordered by India to the south, east, and west, and by China to the north. The country has a diverse geography, ranging from the lowland plains of the Terai region to the high mountain peaks of the Himalayas.
The southern part of Nepal is a flat plain known as the Terai region, which lies at an altitude of around 100-300 meters above sea level. This region is covered with dense forests and is known for its fertile soil, which supports agriculture and is home to several national parks and wildlife reserves.
Moving northwards, the Terai region gives way to the hill region, which is characterized by steep slopes, narrow valleys, and dense forests. This region is home to several towns and cities, including the capital city of Kathmandu, and is known for its scenic beauty, traditional architecture, and vibrant culture.
The northern part of Nepal is dominated by the Himalayan mountain range, which includes eight of the ten highest peaks in the world, including Mount Everest, the highest peak in the world. The Himalayas are home to several national parks and conservation areas, including Sagarmatha National Park and Langtang National Park, which are known for their stunning natural beauty and diverse flora and fauna.
Nepal is also home to several important rivers, including the Kosi, Gandaki, and Karnali, which provide important sources of water for agriculture, hydroelectric power generation, and transportation.
Overall, Nepal’s diverse geography, ranging from the fertile plains of the Terai region to the high mountain peaks of the Himalayas, makes it a unique and picturesque destination for visitors.